Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

The New Censorship: Anti-sexuality Groups and Library Freedom

Brian M. Watson

Abstract


Reviewing every issue of “Censorship Dateline” in the Newsletter on Intellectual Freedom and Journal of Intellectual Freedom and Privacy alongside ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom’s annual reports on censorship and the EBSCO ban in Utah, this article considers reasons for the significant rise in the targeting of libraries by individual anti-sexuality activists. Then the author considers what can be applied from the history of anti-sexuality censorship campaigns and offers possible plans for librarians.

Full Text:

HTML PDF

References


Allen, Samantha. 2015. “‘Porn Kills Love’: Mormons’ Anti-Smut Crusade,” The Daily Beast. October 20, 2015. https://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/10/20/porn-kills-love-mormons-anti-smut-crusade.

American Library Association. 2006. “Filters and Filtering.” Advocacy, Legislation & Issues. July 24, 2006. http://www.ala.org/advocacy/intfreedom/filtering.

———. 2013. “Number of Challenges by Reasons, Initiator, & Institution, 1990-99.” Banned and Challenged Books.

American Library Association. September 6, 2013. http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks/frequentlychallengedbooks/statistics/1990-99.

———. 2013. “Number of Challenges by Reasons, Initiator, & Institution, 2000-09.” American Library Association. September 6, 2013. http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks/frequentlychallengedbooks/statistics/2000-09.

Arnold, Amanda. 2017. “The War on Porn Is Back.” Jezebel. September 20, 2017. https://jezebel.com/the-war-on-porn-is-back-1810469452.

Baillie, Ann M. 2017. “Protection Versus First Amendment Violation: Self-Censorship as It Relates to Youth and Young Adult Services.” SLIS Connecting 6, no. 2: 16–27. https://doi.org/10/ggbthh.

Baker, Ben. 2020. To Repeal Section 181.060, RSMo, and to Enact in Lieu Thereof Two New Sections Relating to Parental Oversight of Public Libraries, with Penalty Provisions. Revised Statutes of Missouri. Vol. 181. https://house.mo.gov/billtracking/bills201/hlrbillspdf/4634H.01I.pdf.

Barack, Lauren. 2016. “Banning the Ban On LGBTQ Filters in Libraries.” School Library Journal. October 26, 2016. https://www.slj.com?detailStory=banning-the-ban-on-lgbtq-filters-in-libraries.

Barnett, Jerry. 2016. Porn Panic!: Sex and Censorship in the UK. John Hunt Publishing.

Batch, Kristen R. 2014. “Fencing Out Knowledge: Impacts of the Children’s Internet Protection Act 10 Years Later.” Policy Brief. Chicago: American Library Association. http://www.ala.org/advocacy/sites/ala.org.advocacy/files/content/intfreedom/censorshipfirstamendmentissues/FINALCIPA_Report.pdf.

Björnberg, Karin Edvardsson, Mikael Karlsson, Michael Gilek, and Sven Ove Hansson. 2017. “Climate and Environmental Science Denial: A Review of the Scientific Literature Published in 1990–2015.” Journal of Cleaner Production 167 (November): 229–41. https://doi.org/10/gbvtwv.

Boulton, Christopher. 2015. “Antiporn Agendas: Feminism, Internet Filtering, and Religious Strategies.” In New Views on Pornography: Sexuality, Politics, and the Law, ed. Lynn Comella and Shira Tarrant (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO), 77–96.

Bradley, David F., Joshua B. Grubbs, Alex Uzdavines, Julie J. Exline, and Kenneth I. Pargament. 2016. “Perceived Addiction to Internet Pornography among Religious Believers and Nonbelievers.” Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 23, no. 2–3: 225–43. https://doi.org/10/gfxcbq.

Bronstein, Carolyn. 2011. Battling Pornography: The American Feminist Anti-Pornography Movement, 1976-1986. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bronstein, Carolyn, and Whitney Strub, eds. 2016. Porno Chic and the Sex Wars: American Sexual Representation in the 1970s. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

CAF America. 2017. “IRS Form 990—Charities and Foundation America.” Foundation Search. http://www.foundationsearch.com/990/LATEST/4/CHARITIES%20AID%20FOUNDATION%20AMERICA%202017%20431634280.PDF.

Chu, Andrea Long. 2018. “‘Pornographic Spectatorship, or, Did Sissy Porn Make Me Trans?’” In Author Distributed. UCLA. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5a9b1c0812b13f48e686fdc4/t/5a9c17e1f9619a449856c4fe/1520179170246/Chu-Did+Sissy+Porn+Make+Me+Trans%3F+%28QD2%29.pdf.

Coaston, Jane. 2019. “There’s a Conservative Civil War Raging—over Porn.” Vox. December 12, 2019. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2019/12/12/21003109/pornography-obscenity-barr-doj-conservatives-libertarians.

Culture Reframed. 2018. “Culture Reframed Calls on Corporations Nationwide to Install Curbs on Porn.” Culture Reframed (blog). December 4, 2018. https://www.culturereframed.org/culture-reframed-calls-on-corporations-nationwide-to-install-curbs-on-porn/.

Davenport, Coral, and Eric Lipton. 2017. “How G.O.P. Leaders Came to View Climate Change as Fake Science.” The New York Times, June 3, 2017, sec. U.S. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/03/us/politics/republican-leaders-climate-change.html.

Dawkins, April M. 2018. “The Decision by School Librarians to Self-Censor: The Impact of Perceived Administrative Discomfort.” Teacher Librarian 45, no. 3: 8–12.

DeHaas, Ron. 2008. “The Perfect Sin.” Covenant Eyes (blog). January 17, 2008. https://www.covenanteyes.com/2008/01/17/the-perfect-sin/.

EarthTalk. 2014. “How Does Climate Denial Persist?” Scientific American. December 22, 2014. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-does-climate-denial-persist/.

Flood, Alison. 2015. “Are Americans Falling in Love with Censorship?” The Guardian, August 7, 2015, sec. Books. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/aug/07/are-americans-falling-in-love-with-censorship.

———. 2020. “Missouri Could Jail Librarians for Lending ‘Age-Inappropriate’ Books.” The Guardian, January 16, 2020, sec. Books. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2020/jan/16/missouri-could-jail-librarians-for-lending-age-inappropriate-books-parental-oversight-of-public-libraries-bill.

Gayle, Damien. 2016. “UK to Censor Online Videos of ‘non-Conventional’ Sex Acts.” The Guardian, November 23, 2016, sec. Technology. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/nov/23/censor-non-conventional-sex-acts-online-internet-pornography.

Hamblin, James. 2016. “How One State Declared Pornography a ‘Public-Health Crisis.’” The Atlantic. April 14, 2016. https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2016/04/a-crisis-of-education/478206/.

Hansson, Sven Ove. 2017. “Science Denial as a Form of Pseudoscience.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 63 (June): 39–47. https://doi.org/10/gbvxxp.

Hickman, Shannon, Kristin Marie Bennion, Natasha Helfer Parker, and Kristin Hodson. 2016. “Op-Ed: Utah Students Need Real Sex Ed, Not ‘Fight the New Drug.’” The Salt Lake Tribune. October 2, 2016. https://archive.sltrib.com/article.php?id=4409139&itype=CMSID.

Holley, Robert P. 2014. “Sex and Intellectual Freedom.” In The Library Juice Press Handbook of Intellectual Freedom: Concepts, Cases, and Theories, ed. Mark Alfino and Laura Koltutsky (Sacramento, CA: Library Juice Press). http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/slisfrp/122.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2018. “Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the Impacts of Global Warming of 1.5°C above Pre-Industrial Levels and Related Global Greenhouse Gas Emission Pathways, in the Context of Strengthening the Global Response to the Threat of Climate Change, Sustainable Development, and Efforts to Eradicate Poverty.” IPCC. https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/.

Jackman, Myles. 2018. “Pornography Is the Canary in the Coal­mine of Free Speech.” Obscenity Law. May 20, 2018. http://mylesjackman.com/index.php/my-blog/107-pornography-is-the-canary-in-the-coalmine-of-free-speech.

Jacobson, Linda. 2016. “Unnatural Selection: More Librarians Are Self-Censoring.” School Library Journal, September. https://www.slj.com?detailStory=unnatural-selection-more-librarians-self-censoring.

Jamison, Andrea. 2018. “Librarians Beware: Self-Censorship.” Intellectual Freedom Blog (blog). May 8, 2018. https://www.oif.ala.org/oif/?p=13550.

Jewish Community Foundation of the Jewish Federation Council of Greater Los Angeles. 2017. “IRS Form 990—Jewish Community Foundation.” Foundation Search. http://www.foundationsearch.com/990/LATEST/9/JEWISH%20COMMUNITY%20FOUD%20OF%20THE%20JEWISH%20FED%20COUN%20OF%20GREATER%20L%20A%202016%20956111928.PDF.

Knibbs, Kate. 2015. “Selling Erotic Ebooks Is Illegal in Germany Before 10pm.” Gizmodo. June 22, 2015. https://gizmodo.com/selling-erotic-ebooks-is-illegal-in-germany-before-10pm-1713112318.

LaRue, James. 2018. “Education Is Not Pornography.” Intellectual Freedom Blog (blog). October 12, 2018. https://www.oif.ala.org/oif/?p=16002.

Ley, David. 2016. “Your Brain on Porn: It’s Not Addictive.” Psychology Today. June 25, 2016. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/women-who-stray/201307/your-brain-porn-its-not-addictive.

Ley, David J. 2018. “The Pseudoscience behind Public Health Crisis Legislation.” Porn Studies 5, no. 2: 208–12. https://doi.org/10/gft4cj.

Liam, Jason. 2017. “Age 22 - I Genuinely Thought I Could Have Been Transgender (Autogynephilia). If You Saw Me Today, You Wouldn’t Believe I Was That Person.” Your Brain On Porn (blog). June 7, 2017. https://www.yourbrainonporn.com/rebooting-accounts/rebooting-accounts-page-1/age-22-i-genuinely-thought-i-could-have-been-transgender-autogynephilia-if-you-saw-me-today-you-wouldnt-believe-i-was-that-person/.

Locker, Melissa. 2018. “Walmart and Cosmo: 9 Things to Know about the Anti-Porn Group Claiming Victory.” Fast Company. March 28, 2018. https://www.fastcompany.com/40550889/walmart-and-cosmo-9-things-to-know-about-the-anti-porn-group-claiming-victory.

Metaxis, Eric. 2016. “Pornography: Media Finally Waking up to What Christians Have Warned about for Years.” ChristianHeadlines.Com. April 20, 2016. https://www.christianheadlines.com/columnists/breakpoint/pornography-the-media-is-finally-waking-up-to-what-christians-have-warned-about-for-years.html.

Mialon, Anaïs, André Berchtold, Pierre-André Michaud, Gerhard Gmel, and Joan-Carles Suris. 2012. “Sexual Dysfunctions Among Young Men: Prevalence and Associated Factors.” Journal of Adolescent Health 51, no. 1: 25–31. https://doi.org/10/f34m5q.

Mower, Allyson. 2018. “Utah Education Network Reinstates Access to EBSCO Database for Students Across Utah.” Intellectual Freedom Blog (blog). October 25, 2018. https://www.oif.ala.org/oif/?p=16157.

Murray, Frederic. 2017. “Responding to Database Challenges.” Intellectual Freedom Blog (blog). November 13, 2017. https://www.oif.ala.org/oif/?p=11496.

National Center on Sexual Exploitation. 2017. “IRS Form 990 - National Center on Sexual Exploitation.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation. https://endsexualexploitation.org/wp-content/uploads/biz_FYE-2018-990_No-Schedule-B_PUBLIC.pdf.

National Center on Sexual Exploitation (NCOSE). 2013a. “2013 Dirty Dozen.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation (blog). 2013. https://endsexualexploitation.org/dirtydozen-2013/.

———. 2013b. “2013 Dirty Dozen: American Library Association.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation (blog). 2013. https://endsexualexploitation.org/dd2013-american-library-association/.

———. 2013c. “2013 Dirty Dozen: Cosmopolitan.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation (blog). 2013. https://endsexualexploitation.org/dd2013-cosmopolitan/.

———. 2013d. “2013 Dirty Dozen: Department of Defense.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation (blog). 2013. https://endsexualexploitation.org/dd2013-department-of-defense/.

———. 2015a. “Resources: Technology Solutions.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation (blog). March 13, 2015. https://endsexualexploitation.org/filtering-software/.

———. 2015b. “2015 Dirty Dozen: American Library Association.” March 19, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150319221149/https://endsexualexploitation.org/ala/.

———. 2017. “2017 Dirty Dozen: American Library Association.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation (blog). 2017. https://endsexualexploitation.org/ala/.

———. 2019. “2019 Dirty Dozen List—The Watchlist: Department of Justice.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation (blog). 2019. https://endsexualexploitation.org/doj/.

———. n.d. “An Overview Of The Issue.” Fight the New Drug (blog). Accessed March 10, 2019a. https://fightthenewdrug.org/overview/.

———. n.d. “Ron DeHaas.” National Center on Sexual Exploitation (blog). Accessed March 22, 2019b. https://endsexualexploitation.org/people/ron-dehaas/.

No Fap. n.d. “NoFap® and FAQs.” Subreddit FAQ. Reddit.com. Accessed November 21, 2017. https://www.reddit.com/r/NoFap/wiki/index.

Norton, Andrew. 2016. “Climate Denial and the Populist Right.” International Institute for Environment and Development. November 15, 2016. https://www.iied.org/climate-denial-populist-right.

Oeming, Madita. 2018. “A New Diagnosis for Old Fears? Pathologizing Porn in Contemporary US Discourse.” Porn Studies 5 (2): 213–16. https://doi.org/10/gfxcbr.

Peck, Nicholeen. 2018. “Public Databases Destroying ‘Safe Places’ For Children.” Teaching Self-Government. October 5, 2018. https://teachingselfgovernment.com/parenting-blog/public-databases-destroying-safe-places-children.

PEN America. 2020. “Proposed Book Banning Bill in Missouri Could Imprison Librarians.” PEN America (blog). January 15, 2020. https://pen.org/press-release/proposed-book-banning-bill-in-missouri-could-imprison-librarians/.

Rickman, Wendy. 2010. “A Study of Self-Censorship by School Librarians.” School Library Research 13: 1–21.

“R/NoFap.” 2011. Subreddit. Reddit. June 20, 2011. https://www.reddit.com/r/NoFap/.

Roberts, Alyssa, Chris Jones, and Nadia Pflaum. 2018. “Beyond the Books: Utah Mom Finds Pornographic Pics on Utah Education Network Database.” KUTV, September 21, 2018. http://kutv.com/news/beyond-the-books/beyond-the-books-utah-mom-finds-pornographic-pics-on-utah-education-network-database.

SB0185: Cause of Action for Minors Injured by Pornography. 2017. Utah State Legislature. Vol. SB185. https://le.utah.gov/~2017/bills/static/SB0185.html.

Seipel, Brooke. 2020. “Missouri Bill Proposes ‘parental Library Review Boards’ That Could Land Librarians in Jail.” The Hill. January 15, 2020. https://thehill.com/homenews/news/478518-missouri-bill-proposes-parental-library-review-boards-that-could-land.

Smith, Emily. 2018. “Sex Workers Are Canaries in the Free Speech Coal Mine.” BuzzFeed News. April 7, 2018. https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/emilysmith/sex-workers-sesta-censorship-free-speech.

State of Minnesota. 2019. Obscene Materials and Performances; Distribution and Exhibition Prohibited; Penalty. Minnesota Statutes. Vol. 617.241. https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/cite/617.241.

Strauss, Valerie. 2020. “Missouri Bill: New Parent Board Could Toss Any Public Library Book It Deems Sexually Inappropriate — and Librarians Could Be Jailed.” Washington Post, January 15, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2020/01/15/missouri-bill-new-parent-board-could-toss-any-public-library-book-it-deems-sexually-inappropriate-librarians-could-be-jailed/.

Strub, Whitney. 2011. Perversion for Profit: The Politics of Pornography and the Rise of the New Right. New York: Columbia University Press.

The Simms/Mann Family Foundation. 2017. “IRS Form 990—The Simms/Mann Family Foundation.” Foundation Search. http://www.foundationsearch.com/990/LATEST/3/SIMMS-MANN%20FAMILY%20FOUNDATION%202016%20311812498.PDF.

Tobar, Hector. 2013. “Is Book Banning Increasing in American Schools and Public Libraries?” Los Angeles Times, December 19, 2013. http://articles.latimes.com/2013/dec/19/entertainment/la-et-jc-new-report-suggests-increase-in-book-challenges-20131219.

Watson, Brian. 2019a. “FOSTA/SESTA and Libraries.” Hack Library School (blog). January 16, 2019. https://hacklibraryschool.com/2019/01/16/fosta-sesta-and-libraries/.

———. 2019b. “NCOSE’s Dirty Dozen Censorship.” Intellectual Freedom Blog (blog). March 21, 2019. https://www.oif.ala.org/oif/?p=17203.

Wéry, Aline, Kim Vogelaere, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, François-Xavier Poudat, Julie Caillon, Delphine Lever, Joël Billieux, and Marie Grall-Bronnec. 2016. “Characteristics of Self-Identified Sexual Addicts in a Behavioral Addiction Outpatient Clinic.” Journal of Behavioral Addictions 5, no. 4: 623–30. https://doi.org/10/f9kfhj.

Wilt, Joshua A., Erin B. Cooper, Joshua B. Grubbs, Julie J. Exline, and Kenneth I. Pargament. 2016. “Associations of Perceived Addiction to Internet Pornography with Religious/Spiritual and Psychological Functioning.” Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 23, no. 2–3: 260–78. https://doi.org/10/gfxcbs.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5860/jifp.v4i4.7177

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ALA Privacy Policy

© 2020 OIF